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古玩城2020精品推荐第七期:精打版民国九年袁大头壹圆银币

清朝灭亡之后,1912年4月袁世凯出任大总统。北洋政府鉴于当时铸币、纸币十分复杂,流通的中外货币在百种以上,规格不一,流通混乱,折算繁琐,民众积怨,同时也想借助货币改制以解决军费问题,便决定铸发国币。袁世凯为了提高自己的统治地位,把他的头像铸于币面,“袁大头”由此而来。

After the demise of the Qing Dynasty, Yuan Shikai became president in April 1912. In view of the complexity of coinage and paper money at that time, with more than 100 kinds of Chinese and foreign currencies in circulation, different specifications, chaotic circulation, complicated conversion and people's grievances, the Beiyang government also decided to cast and issue the national currency by means of currency restructuring to solve the military expenditure problem. In order to improve his dominant position, Yuan Shikai cast his head on the coin, and "Yuan Datou" came from it.

 

民国时期所铸造的“袁大头”系列正面均为袁世凯五分侧面像,上列“中华民国九年”六字,背面两条嘉禾,左右交互,下系结带,中铸‘壹圆’二字;1914年2月7日,袁世凯以大总统令形式公布了《国币条例》及《国币条例施行细则》,其主要内容是规定钱币的铸造发行权归民国政府所有,原先的各个官局所铸造发行的1元银元,由民国政府兑换并改铸,在一定的时期之内,承认它们于国币1元的等值。《国币条例》公布同年先在天津造币厂铸造“袁大头”壹圆银币,后在南京、广东、武昌等造币厂陆续铸造。

The front of the "Yuan Datou" series cast during the Republic of China is Yuan Shikai's five-point profile, with the words "Nine Years of the Republic of China" on the top, two golden harvests on the back, alternating left and right, tying the belt at the bottom, and casting the word "one round" in the middle; On February 7, 1914, Yuan Shikai published the Regulations of National Currency and Detailed Rules for the Implementation of National Currency Regulations in the form of Presidential Decree. The main content of the Regulations is that the right to cast and issue coins belongs to the government of the Republic of China, and the 1 yuan silver coins cast and issued by the original government offices are exchanged and recast by the government of the Republic of China. In a certain period of time, they are recognized as equivalent to the national currency 1 yuan. In the same year, "National Currency Regulations" was promulgated, "Yuan Datou" silver coins were first minted in Tianjin Mint, and then minted in Nanjing, Guangdong, Wuchang and other mints.

 

此枚品相极佳的精打版民国九年袁大头壹圆银币,该品规格十分标准,虽然经历了百年岁月的洗礼,但是如今来看保存依然非常完好;其成色光鲜自然,纹饰深浅适度,边缘线条粗细均匀,间距也疏密一致;人像、发丝、胡须、穗芒等细微之处清晰有度,生动自然;由于1920国家财政状况好转,故铸造银币含银量皆很足,很饱满,是民国袁大头系列里最为珍贵的机制币品种之一;后经抗日战争以及解放战争和文革等一系列战争与政治活动,销毁了大部分存世的民九银元;而历经百年还能保存如此之好,其未来预期价值不可限量。

This fine-looking version of the nine-year-old Yuan Datou silver coin is very standard. Although it has been baptized for hundreds of years, it is still very well preserved now; Its color is bright and natural, the depth of decoration is moderate, the thickness of edge lines is uniform, and the spacing is consistent; The subtleties such as portraits, hair, beards and tassels are clear and vivid; Due to the improvement of the national financial situation in 1920, the silver content of silver coins is very full, which is one of the most precious varieties of mechanism coins in the Yuan Datou series of the Republic of China; After a series of wars and political activities such as the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, the War of Liberation and the Cultural Revolution, most of the surviving Minjiu silver dollars were destroyed; However, it can be preserved so well after a hundred years, and its future expected value is limitless.

 

“袁大头”代表了中国近代的货币文化,反映了我国近代历史、经济、金融的兴衰和沧桑,具有很高的艺术观赏价值和文物价值,也具有一定的保值和升值功能。目前民间留存的“袁大头”数量已经不算太多,特别是民九袁大头,凤毛麟角;且银属于贵金属,收藏风险较小,非常适合投资和收藏。

"Yuan Datou" represents China's modern monetary culture, reflects the rise and fall of China's modern history, economy and finance, and has high artistic ornamental value and cultural relic value, as well as certain functions of value preservation and appreciation. At present, the number of "Yuan Datou" retained by the people is not too much, especially the Yuan Datou of Minjiu, which is rare; Moreover, silver is a precious metal, which has low collection risk and is very suitable for investment and collection.

 

 

 

 

 

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